MICRO - AND NANOELECTRONICS, PHYSICS OF CONDENSED STATE
CALCULATION OF THE OPTICAL SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION EFFICIENCY IN THE LITHIUM NIOBATE DOMAIN STRUCTURES 21
Annotation:The paper presents the experimental and theoretical study results of nonlinear optical
properties of lithium niobate domain structures created by a focused electron beam. The presence
of a second optical harmonic periodic signal in the locations of the domain structures is shown.
The numerical simulation of the second harmonic optical power was done based on the model
of Boyd. The possibility of determining the volumetric parameters of domain structures using
nonlinear confocal optical microscopy is shown.
Keywords:domain structure, nonlinear optical microscopy, optical second harmonic
INFORMATION SYSTEM. INFORMATICS. PROBLEMS OF INFORMATION SECURITY
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ESTIMATION OF SOFTWARE SAFETY
AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT 14
Annotation:The article describes and analyzes the basic principles of security software used in the
operation of information systems. These principles are compared with the requirements of the
Common Criteria (СС) for determining whether these principles coincide with the contemporary
trends in the field of information security. Вenefits of information modeling also considered
using the Common Criteria approach. Information Modeling - a convenient and intuitive way
for filing requirements СС. Schemes of information modeling in the article show the movement
of information in the IT and information security environment (threats, information security
policy). Classified, hierarchical and interrelated requirements CC allow you to fully describe
any documents CC (protection profiles, security target) schemes of information modeling.
Key words: principles on security software, security audit system, potentially hidden
software errors, Common Criteria.
MODERN ELECTRONIC AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
A METHOD OF CONTACTLESS MEASUREMENT OF SURFACE
TEMPERATURE OF RADIO ELECTRONIC OBJECTS 15
Annotation:There exists quite an extensive bibliography on the methods of contactless measurement
of temperature of the surfaces of objects. However, very few works have been devoted to
studying the pyrometry of temperatures not exceeding 700 K, though these are badly needed
for practical application in radio electronics, medicine, construction and other fields of science
and technology. The market of modern measuring devices has plenty of domestic and foreignmade
optoelectronic systems (OESs) which can be used for these purposes. However, the
results obtained with the help of modern OESs in most cases need to be thoroughly analysed,
for sometimes they may appear to be wrong. Most often errors occur due to unaccounted or
incorrect account of spectral dependence of OES characteristics, opticophysical parameters
of the object under control and its background. A procedure for the pyrometry of objects
(pyrometers, thermal imagers), using OESs, is proposed, which includes planar arrangement
within the view of OES of the object under investigation, the normal spectral emissivity of the
surface of which is known, and a reference transmitter, the normal spectral emissivity of which
is also known, and its temperature is controlled and measured. A mathematical model of the
process is suggested for the mode when full heat flows of the object and the reference transmitter
are equal, allowing to define the target temperature value of the object surface. Applying the
method of small perturbations, a metrological analysis is made of the proposed method for
determining of the temperature of the object with the use of a monochromatic OES. The method
of small perturbations can be described as follows: first, based on the selected values of the
parameters, using the corresponding formula, calculation is made of the value of the sought
quantity. Then, the value of only one of the parameters used in the calculation is changed for the
value of its measurement error, and a new calculation is made of the target value. The deviation
of the obtained value from the original value characterizes the impact of inaccurate knowledge
of the variable parameter on the target value. The table gives the results of calculations of
wavelengths of 0.50, 2.0, 5.0, 8.0, 14 and 50 microns; of temperatures of 400, 700 and 1000 K;
of normal spectral emissivity of the object of 0.1, 0.5 and 0.9; of the background temperature
of 300 K; of normal spectral background emissivity of 0.5 and reference emitter of 0.98. It
can be seen that a comprehensive analysis of the process of temperature measurement, the main
information parameter of both the technological process of the manufacturing of objects and their
thermal condition at all stages of the life-cycle, should precede both the measurement of the object
surface temperature, and also the selection procedure of OES for its realization. Only obtained in this
way the results can be considered reliable with the determined real measurement error.Keywords: test
bench, integrated circuit chip, characteristics, algorithm, charge pump, control program, virtual panel.
Keywords: pyrometry method, assurance of measuring devices, contactless measurement of
temperature, object surface, method of small disturbances/perturbations, error, monochromatic
optico-electronic systems, calculation results, basic information parameter, credibility of
TRAVELING-WAVE ANTENNA WITH A REDUCED LEVEL OF SIDE LOBES DUE TO VARIABLE PHASE VELOCITY 5
Annotation:One of the main parameters that characterize the quality of the antenna side lobe level is that
in some cases should be the lowest possible with minimum dimensions of the antenna. The aim
of this work is to find a method for reducing the side lobe level at constant mass-dimensional
parameters of the antenna. The study has found a link between the distribution function of the
deceleration phase velocity along the traveling wave antenna and the level of the side lobe.
In particular, it was found that under certain laws of the phase velocity changes along the
antenna, the level of the side lobe can be reduced significantly. As a result of numerical analysis
of directional antennas traveling wave chart with slow phase velocity varying sinusoidally,
revealed a decrease in the level of the first and second side lobes 1.5 ... 3 times as compared
with the conventional optimum traveling wave antenna. Despite the reduction in the emission
side, directional factor is the same as that of a conventional antenna of a traveling wave with a
constant phase velocity of the same length.
Keywords:antennas, radiation pattern, directional ratio, the level of the side lobe, sinusoidal law.
MONOLITHIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT OF GаN
LOW-NOISE AMPLIFIER FOR 57–64 GHz BANDWIDTH 12
Annotation:The article describes the development of a low-noise amplifier for the 57-64 GHz band
based on a wide-gap semiconductor – gallium nitride. We analyze existing commercial developments in the area of low-noise amplifiers for the 60 GHz band, which are based mainly
on gallium arsenide. At the initial stage we developed test HEMT-transistors on the basis of
which we created the transistor models – Fujii model and Pospieszalski model. On the basis
of the developed models we designed an amplifier schematic circuit consisting of 4 cascades.
Based on the schematic circuit, we designed a topology of a monolithic integrated circuit in the
ADS CAD, and made a complete electrodynamic calculation of the topology, which showed
reachability of the required characteristics in the frequency range 57-64 GHz. Conducted
measurements of a manufactured sample showed the fulfillment requirements of the range and
a good agreement with the calculations. One of the features of the technology of the developed
amplifier is the step of forming of electrical connections - through holes, which provide a
common grounding plane of the circuit.
Keywords:monolithic integrated circuit, millimeter wave, low-noise amplifier, HEMT,
noise figure, AlGaN/GaN heterostructure.
ECONOMY OF THE KNOWLEDGE-INTENSIVE AND HI-TECH ENTERPRISES AND PRODUCTIONS
ANALYSIS OF COLLABORATIVE AS MANAGEMENT TOOL INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN THE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY ENTERPRISE 6
Annotation:For the design and manufacture of microelectronic products professional participants
of the Russian microelectronics market on a temporary basis constitute inter-organizational
relationships based on collaborative. In the article the author's view on the need to manage the
process of collaborative inter-organizational relationships microelectronics enterprises in the
implementation of the technological value chain. The collaborative presented as the willingness and ability of partners to cooperation aimed at sharing common goals. It proposed using the
matrix to assess the interconnectedness of the goals and interests of the partners and their ability
and desire to carry out the coordination of action and the likelihood of inter-organizational
relations success. The author developed a tool of strategic analysis of the universal nature,
which can be used by companies, forming inter-organizational relationships and connections in
Keywords: inter-organizational relationships, cooperation, collaboration, professional
participants of the Russian market of microelectronics.
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY
HIGH-SKILLED TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONALS TRAINING AS A KEY FACTOR OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION SUCCESSFUL MODERNIZATION 13
Annotation:The article presents the analysis of domestic and foreign engineers training experience.
Current problems the Russian Federation Higher Technical Education has faced are specialized
as well as practical recommendations for engineering education quality improvement are
proposed. It has been concluded that our country science and technology manpower regeneration
should become one of the most important strategic directions amid the recovery from crisis,
technological breakthrough and acceleration of modernization rate necessity.
It is claimed that rather often technical university graduates lack in both knowledge of innovative
technologies and adequate experience in research work. The authors consider that the main reasons of
graduates low-level competency are the result of inadequate education requirements at school, lack
of Higher education financing and specialist’s to bachelor’s programmes’ transformation.
Keywords:engineering education, higher technical school, education quality, bachelor's
degree programme, master's degree programme.
EFFECT OF INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGICAL
DIFFERENTIATION OF LABOUR ON ECOLOGICAL
AND INDUSTRIAL SAFETY 5
Annotation:At present, an international division of labor, as a rule, does not take into account neither
the climatic specifics of the territory nor socio-cultural characteristics of natural resources
of the local population. The possibility of such a division of labor within the framework of
liberal theory of economics is proved by the concept of "comparative costs", according to
which the role of each country in the international division of labor should be determined by
its ability to produce a product with economic costs that are less than in other countries. This
concept does not allow to organize environmentally friendly use of resources of the biosphere
as a holistic natural body, what leads to an increase in environmental problems, not only in
those countries, which are diverted with the status of the environmental colonies. Taking into
consideration that, in a globalized economy, there exists the interdependence of countries
in the field of environmental and industrial safety, the authors propose to use the institution
of "natural sovereignty" in an international investment policy. Within the framework of the
proposed institute, each state should build a policy of natural resources, taking into account
both ecological and economic interests of its people and those general biosphere limits that
guarantee the liveability of the biosphere for the world community as a whole. The institution
of "natural sovereignty", according to the authors, will serve as the basis for the formation of
the responsibility of each state for the environmentally safe development of both its country
and the entire world community. At the same time, the adoption of this concept will require the
formation of outlook sharing the conviction that the biosphere exists in the system of natural
planetary dependencies, the breach of which leads to the destruction of its livability and the
death of civilization.
Keywords: globalization, international division of labor, environmental safety, industrial safety.